Videos: Data and Imagery

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LATEST VIDEO: GOES-16 Lightning Imagery of Thunderstorms in the Amazon Basin

GOES-16 Lightning Imagery of Thunderstorms in the Amazon Basin

This 12-hour GOES-16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) time-lapse animation shows lightning associated with widespread individual thunderstorms mushrooming in the Amazon basin on the afternoon and evening of August 10, 2017. Widespread afternoon thunderstorm activity is common entering the Southern Hemisphere spring. At the end of the animation horizontally extensive lightning flashes in the evening can be observed across the tops of the mature and long-lived electrified clouds. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

GOES-16

A Note to the Weather Community About Using GOES-16 Data.

NOAA's GOES-16 satellite has not been declared operational and its data are preliminary and undergoing testing. Users assume all risk related to their use of GOES-16 data and NOAA disclaims any and all warranties, whether express or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

Additional GOES-16 imagery can be found through our academic partners:

GOES-16 Geocolor Imagery of Tropical Storm Franklin

Tropical Storm Franklin moves over the Yucatan Peninsula in this geocolor imagery captured by GOES-16 on August 8, 2017 as it moved west-northwest near 13 mph. Created by our partners at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, the experimental geocolor enhancement depicts clouds and snow cover (when present) in white, moonlit nighttime terrain in purple, city lights from major metropolitan areas in yellow, and daytime land and shallow-water features in true color. The city lights are a static background created with VIIRS Day/Night Band imagery from the Suomi NPP satellite. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Fire Temperature and Geocolor Imagery of Fires over Pacific Northwest

GOES-16 captured this fire temperature and geocolor imagery of hazy, smoke-filled skies over the Pacific Northwest on August 3, 2017. The smoke is from fires burning in the Canadian Province of British Columbia, Idaho, Washington State and Oregon. The fire temperature RGB imagery is created with Advanced Baseline Imager bands 7, 6, and 5 (shortwave and near infrared bands), which are used to detect hot spots. As seen here, the active hot spots show up as red, yellow, and white as the fires grow increasingly hotter. To make this animation, these two types of imagery were combined, with the fire temperature imagery made partially transparent and placed over the geocolor, so both the fire's hot spots and smoke plume would be visible. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Sees Von Karman Vortices in Eastern Pacific Ocean

GOES-16 captured this geocolor animation of von Karman vortices below Isla Guadalupe in the eastern Pacific Ocean on August 2, 2017. Von Karman vortices typically form long straight lines over large flat areas of the ocean. However, geological features, like islands and volcanoes, can disrupt the flow of the wind and create spiral patterns, not dissimilar to the way large boulders create downstream eddies in rivers. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Geocolor Imagery of Smoke from Wildfires in British Columbia, Montana and Idaho

Watch as smoke from wildfires in British Columbia, Montana and Idaho spreads throughout the atmosphere in this geocolor animation captured by GOES-16 on July 31 and August 1, 2017. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 One-Minute Visible/Infrared Imagery of Derecho

This 1-minute visible and infrared imagery from GOES-16 offers a look at the derecho that drifted across South Dakota and Minnesota, and into northern Iowa on July 19, 2017. The group of thunderstorms produced a heavy rainfall, strong winds estimated to be 70 to 80 miles per hour that downed trees and power lines, frequent lightning and possibly a tornado. This "sandwich" approach to viewing satellite imagery means that two spectral bands are fused together so they can be displayed at the same time. These are the Advanced Baseline Imager’s "red" visible band (reflected light) and the transparent infrared window (heat of the emitting surface) for a threshold of cold values. This approach retains both the cloud-top thermal structure as well as the finer visible band details such as over-shooting tops and transverse banding. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Geocolor Imagery with Fire Temperature of Detwiler Fire

Wind pushes smoke from central California's Detwiler Fire to the northeast in this GOES-16 animation from July 18, 2017, that combines Fire Temperature and Geocolor imagery. The Fire Temperature RGB (red-green-blue) product is built using Advanced Baseline Imager bands 7, 6, and 5 (shortwave and near infrared bands), which are used to detect hot spots. As seen here, the active hot spots show up as red, yellow, and white as the fires grow increasingly hotter. To combine it with the geocolor imagery, the RGB imagery is made partially transparent and placed over the geocolor, so both the fire's hot spots and impressive smoke plume are visible. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Sees Western Eyewall of Hurricane Fernanda

GOES-16 visible imagery of Category 4 Hurricane Fernanda in the Eastern North Pacific Ocean on July 14, 2017, as the storm moved west, located about 2,144 nautical miles from Hawaii. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 ABI and GLM Imagery of Strong Thunderstorms Over Wisconsin

GOES-16 Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) infrared imagery with overlaid Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) lightning flash event locations at one-minute timescales of strong thunderstorms over Wisconsin on July 12, 2017. This animation showcases the rapid one-minute imagery available from GOES-16, the new “clean” longwave infrared band on the ABI, and combined ABI and GLM data. Download Original Credit: CIRA

One-Minute Imagery of Tornadic Cells in Iowa

GOES-16 one-minute imagery is shown of tornado-producing supercells in southwest Iowa on June 28, 2017. Band 2 on the satellite’s Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) is used for detection of severe weather. With the better resolution of this band on the ABI (it has the finest resolution of all the ABI bands), paired with the more frequent one-minute imagery, it is easier for forecasters to characterize convective clouds – from agitated or towering developing cumulus to mature overshooting tops, which indicate a storm is severe. Download Original Credit: CIRA

SUVI Sees a Solar Eruption on June 19, 2017

The GOES-16 Solar Ultraviolet Imager (SUVI) instrument captured this stunning imagery of a solar eruption on June 19, 2017. Solar prominences form when cool, dense plasma becomes trapped in helical, magnetic tubes (sometimes called flux ropes) that protrude in the solar atmosphere, or solar corona. Sometimes the magnetic forces in the solar atmosphere destabilize these features, and they erupt spectacularly into interplanetary space. This erupting prominence had an unusual, highly conical shape, with the erupting material closely confined to a tightly wound bundle of magnetic field lines. The initial eruption threw material far into space, causing a small coronal mass ejection. Had the coronal mass ejection occurred near the center of the sun, it would have carried some risk of generating space weather effects near Earth, but due to its location on the sun’s east limb, this eruption was directed harmlessly into interplanetary space. Download Original Credit: NOAA NCEI-CO

GOES-16 Visible Imagery of Hurricane Dora

GOES-16 captures its first hurricane! Shown here is visible imagery of Hurricane Dora, the first of the 2017 season, spinning in the East Pacific Ocean on June 26, 2017.This animation was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's (ABI) Band 2, or red-visible band. Band 2 which capitalizes on the higher-resolution capabilities of the ABI to offer a richer, more detailed look at the features of severe weather, such as Dora's eye and the rough texture of the storms that make up its rainbands. Download Original Credit: CIRA

Brian Head Fire

Smoke from the Brian Head Fire in southwestern Utah can be seen in this GOES-16 geocolor imagery on June 22, 2017. The color of the smoke differs from clouds, making it easy to discern the smoke in this animation. The geocolor product was developed by our partners at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA). Download Original Credit: CIRA

Tropical Storm Cindy Makes Landfall

This geocolor imagery captured by GOES-16 shows Tropical Storm Cindy after it made landfall in Louisiana on the morning of June 22, 2017. Developed by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), the experimental geocolor enhancement displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In nighttime imagery, shown at the very beginning of this loop, liquid water clouds appear in shades of blue, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. The city lights are a static background created with VIIRS Day/Night Band imagery from the Suomi NPP satellite. In daytime imagery, which appears at the end of the loop, land and shallow-water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16: Spring Equinox through Summer Solstice 2017

Watch the amount of sunlight reaching the North Pole increase with the coming summer solstice in this animation of GOES-16 visible imagery. This loop shows one image each day between March 20, 2017, the date of the spring equinox, and June 21, 2017, the summer solstice. The summer solstice is the exact moment that the Northern Hemisphere is tilted the most toward the sun. As a result, June 21 was the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. Download Original Credit: CIRA

Tropical Storm Cindy: June 20, 2017

GOES-16 captured this infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Cindy in the Gulf of Mexico on June 20, 2017. At the time of this animation, Cindy was located about 265 miles south of Morgan City, Louisiana (355 miles southeast of Galveston, Texas) and had maximum sustained winds of 45 miles per hour. Band-13, the so-called "clean" long-wave infrared band, is one of the new spectral bands offered by GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager. Band-13 is primarily used to monitor clouds and storm intensity. As shown here, the imagery produced by this band offers spectacular views of severe weather, such as the colder cloud tops (shown in green/yellow/red) associated with intense storms. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Lightning Imagery of Tropical Storm Cindy

The GOES-16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captured this brilliant imagery showing the lightning associated with weather system that became Tropical Storm Cindy over a three-day period beginning Sunday, June 18, 2017, and ending Wednesday, June 21. The first instrument of its kind in geostationary orbit, the lightning mapper observes total lightning (both in-cloud and cloud-to-ground) and provides a constant vigil for lightning flashes day and night across the Western Hemisphere. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

Potential Tropical Cyclone 2: June 19, 2017

GOES-16 captured this geocolor animation of a disturbance in the Atlantic known as "Potential Tropical Cyclone Two" (PTC 2) on June 19, 2017. Developed by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), the experimental geocolor enhancement displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In nighttime imagery, shown at the beginning of this loop, liquid water clouds appear in shades of blue, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. The city lights are a static background created with VIIRS Day/Night Band imagery from the Suomi NPP satellite. In daytime imagery, which appears at the end of the loop, land and shallow-water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. Download Original Credit: CIRA

Intense Storm System Moves Across the Dakotas and into Minnesota

GOES-16 captured this band-13 infrared imagery of an intense storm system moving across the Dakotas and into Minnesota on June 13, 2017. At 3:07 p.m. CDT, the National Weather Service's forecast office in Grand Forks, North Dakota, reported a severe thunderstorm near Felton (22 miles northeast of Fargo) that was moving to the northeast at 45 miles per hour. The storm had wind gusts of up to 60 miles per hour, produced quarter-size hail, and heavy rain. Band-13, the so-called "clean" long-wave infrared band, is one of the new spectral bands offered by GOES-16. It is primarily used to monitor clouds and storm intensity. As shown here, the imagery produced by this band offers views of severe weather, such as the colder cloud tops (shown in green/yellow/red) associated with intense storms, in great detail. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Fog Dissipation over PA and NY

Watch fog dissipate in the river valleys of New York and Pennsylvania in this GOES-16 geocolor animation from June 8, 2017.

In this loop, the fog (colored light blue at night and white in the day) dissipates as the increasing warmth after sunrise warms the air above the surface of the land. In the nighttime imagery (shown at the beginning of this loop) water looks black, and land appears gray and water clouds appear in shades of blue to distinguish them from ice clouds (in grayish-white). In daytime imagery, shown toward the end, land and shallow-water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Lightning over Missouri: May 27, 2017

GOES-16's Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captured this electrifying imagery of the lightning associated with supercell thunderstorms over Missouri on May 27, 2017. According to several media reports, the storms produced heavy rain, large hail, and strong (90 mph) winds that damaged property, downed trees, and disrupted power. There were also six confirmed tornadoes. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

GOES-16 Lightning Time Lapse May 18-19, 2017

GOES-16's lightning mapper captured this imagery of lightning in the Western Hemisphere on May 18, 2017. The animation begins the morning of May 18 with a full-disk view and then zooms in on the Americas and continental U.S. to focus on the lightning associated with the supercell thunderstorms over Kansas and Nebraska on May 18. It concludes in the early morning hours of May 19. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

GOES-16 30-second Imagery of Severe Storms in Colorado

GOES-16 captured this 30-second visible imagery of the strong storms that tore through northern Colorado on May 8, 2017. The storms brought more than 2 inches of rain and hail, some of it large, to parts of the state. This imagery was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's Band 2, or red-visible band, which capitalizes on the imager's enhanced resolution to offer meteorologists a closer, more detailed look at the structure of the clouds and the near-storm environment. For example, note the "overshooting" tops and rough texture of the tops of the storm clouds, which is indicative of strong vertical updrafts -- a characteristic of intense storms. 30-second imagery is produced when both of ABI's regional scan modes, each of which can produce an image every minute, are focused on the same area and then programmed to capture an image 30-seconds apart from one another. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Geocolor Imagery of West Mims Fire

This GOES-16 geocolor imagery captured on May 6, 2017, shows a large smoke plume from the West Mims Fire burning in the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. The fire began on April 6 and is estimated at 130,942 acres as of May 7, 2017.This experimental geocolor enhancement displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In daytime imagery, shown toward the end, land and shallow-water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. In the nighttime imagery, liquid water clouds appear in shades of blue, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Captures Low Pressure System on May 4, 2017

GOES-16 captured a low pressure system moving across the Southeast and Tennessee Valley on May 4, 2017. This system continued a northeasterly path towards the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast on May 5. This low pressure system can be seen in this geocolor imagery. Developed by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), the experimental enhancement displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In nighttime imagery (shown at the beginning of this loop), liquid water clouds appear a shade of blue, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. In daytime imagery, land and shallow-water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Imagery of Convection and Smoke over Florida

This GOES-16 composite-color imagery from May 3, 2017, shows convection forming over the state of Florida, as well as smoke from wildfires near the Florida/Georgia border. This animation also shows how GOES-16 will give meteorologists a better view of the atmospheric conditions in the Western Hemisphere, thanks to the satellite's sophisticated Advanced baseline Imager (or ABI). With five-times greater coverage, four-times the spatial resolution, and three-times the spectral channels, the ABI will provide imagery like this that is superior to that of earlier GOES satellites, ultimately resulting in more accurate forecasts. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 Lightning Imagery from Severe Storms April 28-29, 2017

GOES-16's Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captured this electrifying imagery of the lightning associated with the recent severe weather over the Mississippi Valley and southern Plains this past weekend. (The animation begins at approximately noon on Friday, April 28, 2017, and ends at midnight on Saturday, April, 29). According to a variety of media reports, the storms caused the deaths of at least 13 people, produced widespread heavy rain resulting in flash floods, high winds that down trees and left thousands without power, a late-season blizzard in Kansas, and several tornadoes. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

GOES-16 Lightning Imagery from Severe Storms April 28-29, 2017

GOES-16's Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captured this electrifying imagery of the lightning associated with the recent severe weather over the Mississippi Valley and southern Plains this past weekend. (The animation begins at approximately noon on Friday, April 28, 2017, and ends at midnight on Saturday, April, 29). According to a variety of media reports, the storms caused the deaths of at least 13 people, produced widespread heavy rain resulting in flash floods, high winds that down trees and left thousands without power, a late-season blizzard in Kansas, and several tornadoes. Download Original Credit: Lockheed Martin

ABI Band 13 Infrared Imagery of Severe Storms in the Southeast U.S.

Infrared imagery of the strong storms that erupted over parts of the southern Plains and Mississippi Valley April 28-30, 2017. According to several media reports, the storms caused the deaths of at least 13 people, produced widespread heavy rain resulting in flash floods, high winds that down trees and left thousands without power, a late-season blizzard in Kansas, and tornadoes in Texas, Mississippi, and Kentucky. This animation was created with Band 13, one of the new spectral bands offered by GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager. Band 13, the so-called "clean" longwave infrared band, is primarily used to monitor clouds and storm intensity. As shown here, the imagery produced by this band offers spectacular views of meteorological phenomena, such as the colder cloud tops (shown in green/yellow/red) associated with these storms, in rich detail. Download Original Credit: CIRA

GOES-16 ABI Sectors

ABI will be a boon for forecasters because it can scan three types of sectors simultaneously: the a full disk hemispheric view every 15 minutes, the contiguous United States every 5 minutes, and smaller mesoscale sectors that can be moved over regions of interest (e.g., areas of severe weather or other rapidly changing phenomena) every 60 seconds. Even better, if the mesoscale sectors are programmed to scan over the same area, they can provide imagery of severe weather as often as every 30 seconds! Download Original Credit: CIMSS

One-Minute Infrared Imagery of Southeast Storms on April 5, 2017

GOES-16 captured this 1-minute infrared imagery of the large and powerful storm system that brought hail and tornadoes to the Southeast on April 5, 2017. This imagery was produced with the "long wave" infrared band (aka: band 13) of GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) -- one of the new spectral bands that the imagers aboard the current GOES satellites (GOES-13 and -15) do not have. The reference to "1-minute" in its name refers to the frequency with which ABI captured an image of the storms. As seen here, the imagery produced by this band offers spectacular views of meteorological phenomena, such as the colder cloud tops (shown in green/yellow/red) associated with these storms, in rich detail. Of particular note are what's known as "enhanced-V features" on some of the cloud tops, which are indicative of severe storm formation. Download Original Credit: CIRA

Strong Storms Forming on the Western Coast of the Yucatan Peninsula

Strong storms formed along a sea breeze front on the western coast of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula in this visible imagery captured by GOES-16 on April 3, 2017. This animation, which was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's (ABI) visible-red band (Band 2), clearly shows the "over-shooting tops" and rough texture of the tops of the storm clouds, which is indicative of strong vertical updrafts. In doing so, it provides a glimpse of how GOES-16 will enhance weather forecasting by providing meteorologists with high-resolution imagery of developing storms that they can use to analyze atmospheric or meteorological phenomena in near-real time. Download Original Credit: CIRA

SUVI Observes Solar Flare

After a period of very quiet conditions, the emergence of several active regions on the sun brought solar activity back to levels that haven't been seen in more than a year. As these active regions developed, they sparked a series of solar flares and eruptions, including the one in this imagery from GOES-16's SUVI, which was observed (with wavelength 195Å) on April 1 at about 21:45 UTC. The flare itself is the rapid, intense brightening you can see in the sun’s upper right quadrant toward the beginning of the animation, but the flare was also linked to an eruption, which escaped from the sun as a coronal mass ejection. The eruption is easy to spot as the blast of material headed into space from the flaring region. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Dust Plume over Desert Southwest

This animation from GOES-16 shows a large plume of dust from the desert southwest being dragged eastward, across northwestern Texas and east Oklahoma, by a front moving over the high plains in the early morning hours of March 24, 2017. The dust appears as magenta or pink. The other colors denote the following: the dark blues are thin cirrus clouds, and the pale blue (on the right side of the image) indicates the surface (land and water) of the Earth. The bright colors shown here are the result of a "dust enhancement" -- an experimental data product created by scientists at the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). Based on infrared channel data, this RGB (red-green-blue) enhancement was created to help analysts monitor the evolution of dust storms. According to EUMETSAT, monitoring of dust in the atmosphere 24 hours a day can be a challenge because the appearance of dust in satellite imagery changes drastically from day to night. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Geocolor of Smoke Plumes over Southeastern U.S.

GOES-16 captured smoke plumes rising above the landscape of the southeastern United States on March 19, 2017. This geocolor imagery was provided by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA). The experimental geocolor product displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In daytime imagery, land and water features appear as they do in true-color imagery. Smoke appears a slightly different color than clouds, so it's easy to identify. In nighttime imagery, liquid water clouds appear pinkish-red, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Water Vapor Imagery of March 2017 Nor’easter:

This animation of the early morning hours of March 14, 2017, shows the development of the nor'easter that brought snow and high winds to a large portion of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast. States of emergency have been issued in Maryland, Virginia, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. In this imagery, the blue areas indicate moisture-rich clouds, while the orange and red areas show drier, warmer areas of the atmosphere. This imagery showcases Band 10 -- the low-level water vapor band -- of GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager, one of three water vapor bands available on the instrument. Band 10 allows meteorologists to better track areas and finer water vapor features in the lower-to-mid-levels of the troposphere, elevated cold fronts, low-level boundaries of air masses, and more. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

One-Minute Imagery of Sunrise over Winter Storm:

One-minute visible imagery of the winter storm that dumped freezing rain and snow over a large portion of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast on March 14, 2017. This imagery was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's Band 2, or red-visible band, which capitalizes on the imager's enhanced resolution to offer meteorologists a closer, more detailed look at the structure of the clouds and the near-storm environment. Note the formation of the low-level circulation just off the coast of Delaware, the shadows cast by the high clouds onto the lower clouds, and the wave features atop the cloud bands moving from the southwest to the northeast. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Geocolor of Sunrise over Florida:

The sun rises over Florida in this GOES-16 geocolor animation from March 8, 2017. In addition to the smoke from the 7,500-acre brush fires near Naples, this imagery captures the formation of cumulus clouds over the sunshine state -- a result of the land heating up faster than the ocean as the sun's rays deliver warmth to the area. Developed by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) in partnership with the Naval Research Laboratory, the experimental geocolor enhancement displays geostationary satellite data in different ways depending on whether it is day or night. In the nighttime imagery, shown at the beginning of this animation, liquid water clouds appear pinkish-red, ice clouds are grayish-white, water looks black, and land appears gray. The city lights at the beginning are a static background created with VIIRS Day/Night Band imagery. In the daytime portion of this animation, the land and shallow-water features (the turquoise areas in the ocean) appear as they do in true-color imagery. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 One-Minute Imagery of Severe Storms over Nebraska:

On March 6, 2017, a potent weather system moved into the central plains and generated a plethora of dynamic weather, including high winds, large hail, and tornadoes, in addition to fanning a number of large grass fires. This 500-m resolution visible loop from GOES-16 shows the formation of the storms in eastern Nebraska just after 1 p.m. CST. The one-minute update frequency allows forecasters to track individual cumulus cloud formation and to see the up-down pulsing nature of the storms' overshooting tops. The first large hail report occurred just after 2 p.m. in eastern Nebraska and the first tornado at 5:30 pm near Harcourt, Iowa. Storms continued into the overnight hours in Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, and produced at least 36 tornadoes and many high wind and large hail reports. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

First Images from Geostationary Lightning Mapper:

Lightning observed by the GOES-16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) illuminates the storms developing over southeast Texas on the morning of February 14, 2017, in this animation of GLM lightning events overlaid on Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) cloud imagery. Frequent lightning is occurring with the convective cells embedded in this severe weather system. The green cross indicates the location of Houston, and green dotted lines indicate the Texas coastline. This animation, rendered at 25 frames per second, simulates what your eye might see from above the clouds. GLM perceives the scene at 500 frames per second, and can distinguish the location, intensity and horizontal propagation of individual strokes within each lightning flash. Monitoring the flash rate from convective cells and their extent can help forecasters improve tornado and severe weather forecasts and warnings and their impending threat to the public. At the time of this animation, the storm cell in the center of the frame was reported by the NWS to have produced one of a number of tornadoes and damaging winds spawned by the storm complex. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

First Solar Imagery from GOES-16:

This animation from January 29, 2017, shows a large coronal hole in the sun’s southern hemisphere from the Solar Ultraviolet Imager (SUVI) on board NOAA's new GOES-16 satellite. The animation captures the sun in the 304 Å wavelength, which observes plasma in the sun's atmosphere up to a temperature of about 50,000 degrees. When combined with the five other wavelengths from SUVI, observations such as these give solar physicists and space weather forecasters a complete picture of the conditions on the sun that drive space weather. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Composite Color of Dust Clouds over Texas:

Dust clouds sweep across north-central Texas in this 1-km GOES-16 composite color animation from 2030 to 2310 UTC on February 23, 2017.

As this animation suggests, the ability of GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) to provide such high-resolution imagery in color will be a boon to meteorologists as it will make it easier for them to identify different atmospheric or meteorological phenomena, such as dust from other types of clouds. As shown here, the brown-colored dust is easy to differentiate from smaller, white clouds mixed in with it.

Composite color images from GOES-16 are created by combining data from three of ABI's 16-bands -- band 1 (blue visible), band 2 (red visible) and band 3 (near-infrared vegetation) -- to produce a range of colors within visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum (think the colors of the rainbow, ROYGBIV). Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 vs. GOES-13 Shortwave Infrared of Grass Fires in Florida:

This comparison of GOES-16 ABI and GOES-13 imager shortwave infrared (3.9 µm) data shows a number of grass fires burning near Lake Okeechobee in southern Florida on February 20, 2017. In the left panel, GOES-16 imagery at 30-second intervals is shown, while the right panel displays GOES-13 imagery at routine 15-30 minute intervals. The warmest shortwave infrared brightness temperatures are enhanced with yellow to red colors (with red being the hottest). Note the many advantages of the 30-second GOES-16 imagery: (1) new fire starts are detected sooner in time; (2) the fire behavior (intensification vs dissipation) can be better monitored; (3) the intensity of the fires is more accurately depicted with the 2-km resolution GOES-16 data vs the 8-km resolution GOES-13 data; (4) numerous brief fires are not detected at all in the 15-30 minute interval GOES-13 imagery (especially south and southeast of Lake Okeechobee, during the 2100-2115 UTC time period). Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Rapid Scan Imagery of Severe Storms in Argentina:

This 30-second rapid-scan animation from GOES-16 demonstrates the very high spatial and temporal resolution from the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI). The rapid scan sector was set over north-central Argentina, which includes the city of Córdoba, where it captured some expected severe storms during an active late-summer weather pattern on January 21, 2017. This region is known to have some of the most extreme storms in the world. The animation was created with the ABI band 2, its primary visible channel. Many interesting and important features of the near storm environment and convective clouds themselves are readily apparent. Differential motion between the developing thunderstorms and the low level clouds indicates the presence of converging low-level air leading to the rapid development of these storms. Apparent rotation in the boiling cloud tops suggests intense updrafts or vertical motion in these storms. Severe hail was reported with at least one of the storms in the center of the domain around 2130 UTC. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Band 5 Imagery of Thunderstorms over the Texas Gulf Coast:

This animation of GOES-16 rapid-scan near-infrared imagery shows the movement of thunderstorms over the Texas Gulf Coast on February 14, 2017. This animation showcases the features the GOES-16 Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) can see with band 5 (snow/ice band) – a new spectral band unavailable on previous GOES imagers. Note the clarity of the clouds, both liquid (brighter) and ice (darker), as well as the waves and shadows that can be seen in this loop. In addition, rapid-scan imagery like that seen in this animation will help forecasters monitor storms associated with severe weather as the spacecraft can capture one image of a storm every 30 seconds. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Sees Bombogenesis of Northeast Winter Storm:

This water vapor imagery from GOES-16 shows the intensification of the winter storm that brought heavy snow to Maine and other areas of the Northeast yesterday, February 13, 2017. According to NOAA's Weather Prediction Center, as the winter storm in the Northeast moved off the coast and over the northwestern Atlantic, its surface pressure dropped from 996 hectopascals (hPA) at 11:00 am yesterday to 972 hPA at 10:30 pm, a drop of 24 hPA in 18.5 hours. (Note: A hectopascal (hPA) is a unit of pressure equal to a millibar). The the rapid development of a cyclonic circulation wherein the surface pressure falls by at least 24 millibars in a 24-hour period is often referred to as a bombogenesis. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Water Vapor Imagery of Developing Winter Storm:

This water vapor imagery from February 9, 2017, shows the early stages of a developing winter storm along the East Coast as seen by both GOES-16 (left) and GOES-13 (right). The current GOES imager only has one mid-level water vapor band, while the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) on GOES-16 has three. This allows ABI to capture water vapor features and atmospheric motion within more layers of the atmosphere. Also, the finer resolution of the ABI (approximately 2 km) as compared to the imager aboard GOES-13 (approximately 4 km) shows the fine detail of small-scale mountain waves that aren’t visible in the GOES-13 imagery. Similarly, during the later portion of the animation, a post-cold-frontal trough can be seen offshore moving southward in the imagery from GOES-16, but not in the GOES-13 imagery. The faster processing afforded by ABI is also evident, allowing for quicker detection of fast-developing convection and other phenomena. Download Original | Annotated Image Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Water Vapor Imagery of Nor'easter:

A strong coastal winter storm brought heavy snow and strong winds to portions of the northern Middle Atlantic through northern New England on February 9, 2017. The development and path of this intense storm can be seen in this water vapor imagery from GOES-16. Of particular interest in this animation is the improved spatial resolution compared to current GOES. The satellite's Advanced Baseline Imager offers 16 spectral bands, three of which are water vapor bands -- this imagery was created with band 10. These additional water vapor bands enable meteorologists to see further down into the mid-troposphere in clear sky regions compared to the current GOES water vapor band. It also allows them better characterize the total amount of moisture in the atmosphere that can turn into rain and snow. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 and GOES-13 Comparison of Punch Cloud Over North Carolina:

“Punch” or “hole streak” clouds are formed when part of a liquid water cloud glaciates, most likely due to interactions with an airplane. These clouds can be seen in this animation showing the sky over northern North Carolina on February 1, 2017. The visible imagery on the top half is from Advanced Baseline Imager instrument aboard the recently launched GOES-16, while the visible imagery on the bottom is from the imager aboard GOES-13 (aka: GOES East). Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Louisiana Tornadoes in all 16 Spectral Bands from GOES-16:

This animation of the severe storm system that produced tornadoes in southeastern Louisiana on February 7, 2017, shows the GOES-16 Advanced Baseline Imager’s 2 visible, 4 near-infrared and 10 infrared spectral bands in time sequence. Monitoring the weather in different wavelengths allows meteorologists to better analyze different layers of the atmosphere, distinguish between cloud types and other phenomena and generally see the Earth's atmosphere and surface in greater, more vivid detail. For example, ABI band 5 (also known as the Snow/ice near infrared band), which is new to GOES satellites, will help meteorologists distinguish glaciated or ice clouds from other cloud types. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Sees Tornadic Storms in Louisiana on February 7, 2017:

This visible animation from GOES-16 shows the tornadic storms that swept through Louisiana on February 7, 2017. As this imagery illustrates, the high-resolution offered by GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager will allow forecasters to see meteorological phenomena in vivid detail. For example, in this loop, note how the top of the tornadic storm can be seen passing along the southern coast of Lake Pontchartrain. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Animation of Severe Weather Moving into Northeast:

This animation from GOES-16 shows the movement of severe weather from central United States into the Northeast, where it resulted in wet and wintry weather for travelers across the region. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

Animation of GOES-16's Full Disk Channels:

The animation of full disk images shows the continental United States in the two visible, four near-infrared and 10 infrared channels on ABI. These channels help forecasters distinguish between differences in the atmosphere like clouds, water vapor, smoke, ice and volcanic ash. GOES-16 has three-times more spectral channels than earlier generations of GOES satellites. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Animation of Weather over Florida:

Clouds swirls in the sky over Florida and the ocean surrounding it in this mesmerizing animation from NOAA's next-generation geostationary satellite GOES-16. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Spies Fire Burning in Mexico:

This area of Mexico and Central America is seen from GOES-16 with a largely cloud-free view. A fire and its associated smoke are evident over southern Mexico near the coast. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-16 Full Disk Animation:

This composite color full-disk visible animation is from 1:07 p.m. EDT on January 15, 2017 and was created using several of the 16 spectral channels available on the GOES-16 Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) instrument. Seen here are North and South America and the surrounding oceans. Download Original Credit: NOAA/NASA

GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper Data Visualization

This data visualization shows actual lightning measurements captured by an array of ground-based lighting detectors capable of tracing how lightning propagates through the atmosphere and simulates how the GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper will monitor atmospheric flashes.
Download Original | Transcript Credit: NASA Goddard Multimedia

GOES-R Proving Ground

Overshooting Tops: GOES-14 SRSOR on August 9, 2016:

This three panel animation compares GOES-14 Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) one-minute imagery (center) compared to current GOES-15 (left) and GOES-13 (right) imagery. The GOES-14 one-minute imagery clearly shows the rapidly-changing overshooting tops associated with a severe thunderstorm in southeast Montana on August 9, 2016. The National Weather Service forecast office in Billings, Montana, utilized this special imagery to issue a severe storm warning and credited the SRSOR data with making the warning decision process much easier. This imagery was particularly valuable for this storm because the area has poor radar coverage below 10,000 feet. Download Original Credit: CIMSS

Convective Initiation: GOES-14 SRSOR on May 9, 2016:

This animation from May 9, 2016 shows GOES-14 one-minute Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) visible imagery of convection in southern Oklahoma. The animation pauses three times to show annotations that highlight how the one-minute imagery allows one to see a first attempt at convective initiation that fails, and the mid-level cloud detaches from its updraft, resulting in an "orphan anvil." The second attempt at convective initiation succeeds and goes on to produce a tornadic supercell. The highlighted storm in the loop produced an EF-4 tornado near Hennepin, Oklahoma. The one-minute imagery allowed forecasters to see the overshooting tops as they occurred in near real-time and helped them determine which storms had the strongest updrafts right away. Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere

GOES-14 SRSOR Shortwave Infrared Imagery of Grassfire:

A comparison of GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-13 Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images on April 18, 2016 demonstrates the advantage of 1-minute super rapid scan over the routine 15-minute routine scan interval for characterizing the intensity and trends of a short-lived grassfire in far western Oklahoma. GOES-14 was operating in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode. Even though a fire hot spot (yellow color enhancement) appeared on the “2000 UTC” GOES-15 and GOES-13 images, the actual scan time of the fire for those 2 satellites was 2004 and 2003 UTC, respectively; a fire hot spot of 317.2 K was first detected on the 2101 UTC GOES-14 image. The magnitude of the fire hot spot then quickly increased to 332.8 K (red color enhancement) on the 2005 UTC GOES-14 image; the short-term fluctuations in the intensity of the fire hot spot were only adequately captured by the 1-minute super rapid scan interval of the GOES-14 images. Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

Strong Winter Storm over the upper Ohio River Valley:

A strong winter storm produced a swath of winter weather from Arkansas through lower Michigan on February 23-24, 2016. GOES-14 SRSOR one-minute imagery was centered on the occluded storm on February 24, and this water vapor animation shows strong flow north-northwest from the Mid-Atlantic states into the Upper Midwest, where winter storm and blizzard warnings were widespread. The end of the animation shows strong convection developing over the Mid-Altantic states where multiple reports of severe weather occurred. The special one-minute imagery simulates faster scanning abilities of the GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager. Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

Gridded PGLM and 1-minute SRSOR imagery from GOES-14:

This animation from August 10, 2015, shows GOES-14 one-minute Super Rapid Scan Operation for GOES-R (SRSOR) visible imagery with pseudo Geostationary Lightning Mapper gridded data overlaid in the North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (NALMA) network for an area of developing convection. The animation also includes Aircraft Situation Display to Industry (ASDI) flight tracking in the Southeast U.S. Download Original Credit: Aviation Weather Center

Tornadic Thunderstorm over Eastern Colorado, May 27, 2015:

A tornado was reported near Yuma, Colorado, at 1910 UTC on 27 May 2015. GOES-14 was in SRSOR (Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R) scanning mode, and a storm-centered animation of the visible imagery (0.626 µm) is shown here. The tornado occurred early in the life of the supercell on which the animation centers. Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

GOES-14 SRSO Visible Imagery over West Texas, May 20, 2015:

Intersecting boundaries fueled the development of an isolated thunderstorm over northeastern Andrews County in west Texas. This one-minute visible imagery was captured by GOES-14 when operating in SRSOR (Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R) mode. Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

GOES-14 One-Minute Visible Imagery of Hurricane Marie from August 25, 2014:

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing 1-minute interval images of Category 4 intensity Hurricane Marie over the Eastern Pacific Ocean on August 25, 2014. For additional real-time imagery, visit http://rammb.cira.colostate.edu/dev/lindsey/loops/ and http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor2014/GOES-14_SRSOR.html. | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

GOES-14 One-Minute Visible Imagery of River Valley Fog Dissipation on August 20, 2014:

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing images at 1-minute intervals over the central US on August 20, 2014; an animation of 0.63 µm visible channel images showed the dissipation of river valley fog that had formed during the previous night over the Mississippi River and adjacent portions of southwestern Wisconsin, southeastern Minnesota, and northeastern Iowa. The 3 panels show images every 15 minutes (today’s current routine schedule), every 5 minutes (available during Rapid Scan Operations), and every 1 minute (which will be available from the ABI instrument on the next-generation GOES-R satellite). For more information and additional imagery from the 2014 GOES-14 SRSOR campaign, visit http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor2014/GOES-14_SRSOR.html | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

Tropical Storm Lowell as seen by one-minute GOES-14 imagery on August 19, 2014:

The GOES-14 satellite, in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, provided coverage of Tropical Storm Lowell in the Eastern Pacific Ocean on August 19, 2014; an animation of 0.63 µm visible channel one-minute imagery showed a gradual increase in the organization of a convective banding structure during the day. For more information and additional imagery from the 2014 GOES-14 SRSOR campaign, visit http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor2014/GOES-14_SRSOR.html | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

GOES-14 SRSOR:  Automated Detection of Overshooting Tops:

This three-panel animation shows visible imagery from GOES-14 and shows the difference between standard or routine 15-minute interval, 5-7 minute interval Rapid Scan Operations (RSO), and 1-minute interval Super Rapid Scan Operations Mode for GOES-R (SRSO) 0.63 µm visible channel images for the rapidly-developing convection that produced two separate tornadoes in southern Minnesota on May 8, 2014. This example highlights the fact that the formation and evolution of the rapidly-developing convection was much more evident and easy to follow with the one-minute imagery. For more information and additional imagery from the 2014 GOES-14 SRSOR campaign, visit http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor2014/GOES-14_SRSOR.html | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

GOES-R Rapid Refresh- 1-min Imagery and Lightning Mapping Array:

By combining special GOES-14 Super Rapid Scan imagery with the Washington, DC Lightning Mapping Array (DCLMA) as proxy for the GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) and Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) respectively, this animation from a severe weather event on June 13, 2013 provides weather forecasters and broadcast meteorologists a glimpse of what will be available in the GOES-R era. The tracks and locations of two tornados (red lines/circles) are overlaid to highlight the important relationship between lightning activity and severe storms. Additional Information. | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Climate Stdies, University of Maryland

Hurricane Sandy Super Rapid Scan Operations Visible Imagery:

A special 1-minute Super Rapid Scan Operations Experiment for GOES-R (SRSOR) took place August – October 2012 while GOES-14 was out of storage. This was a unique opportunity to combine rapid scan imagery and demonstrate the future capabilities of the Advanced Baseline Imager and Geostationary Lightning Mapper. This animation shows visible 1-minute SRSOR imagery for Hurricane Sandy from October 25‒-31, 2012. For additional GOES-14 SRSOR 1-min imagery, visit http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor/GOES-14_SRSOR.html | Download Original Credit: Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies