Supporting Pages: Acronyms


3DVAR – Three-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation

4DVAR – Four-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation

ACMAD - African Centre of Meteorological Application for Development

AEJ - African Easterly Jet

AEW - African Easterly Wave

AIRS - Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

AMDAR - Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay

AMMA - African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis

AMO - Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

AMS - American Meteorological Society

AMSR-E - EOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer

AMSU-B - Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit B

ASAR - European Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar

ASTER - Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

ARPEGE - Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle ( Météo-France model)

AWIPS - Advanced Weather Interactive Processing Systems

BOM - Bureau of Meteorology (Australian)

BWER - Bounded Weak Echo Region

CALIPSO - Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation

CCN - Cloud Condensation Nuclei

CDO - Central Dense Overcast

CERES - Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System instrument

CIMSS - Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies

CISK - Conditional Instability of the Second Kind

CLIPER - CLImatology and PERsistence model

CMAP - CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation

CMORPH - CPC Morphing technique

COSMIC - Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate

CPC - NWS Climate Prediction Center

CPS - Cyclone Phase Space

DFR - Dual Frequency Radar

DMSP - Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

EAR - Equatorial Atmosphere Radar

ECMWF - European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

ELDORA - Electra Doppler Radar

EMEX - Equatorial Mesoscale Experiment

EnKF - Ensemble Kalman Filter

ENSO - El Niño - Southern Oscillation

EOS - NASA Earth Observing System

E-P - Evaporation minus Precipitation

ER - Equatorial Rossby (wave)

ET - Evapotranspiration

ET - Extratropical Transition

EUMETSAT - European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

FORTE - Fast On-orbit Recording of Transient Events

FPAR - Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation

GARP - Global Atmospheric Research Program

GATE - GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment

GEM - Global Environmental Multiscale (Canadian Meteorological Centre Model)

GFDL - Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA)

GFS - Global Forecast System (NOAA/NCEP model)

GHCN - Global Historical Climatology Network

GHz - Giga Hertz

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GPCP - Global Precipitation Climatology Project

GHz - Giga Hertz

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOS - Global Observing System

GPM - Global Precipitation Mission

GPS - Global Positioning System

HYSPLIT HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory

IR - Infrared

IRI - International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University

ITCZ - Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone

IWTC - International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (of the WMO)

JAXA - Japanese Space Agency

JMA - Japan Meteorological Agency

JPSS - Joint Polar Satellite System (formerly NPOESS)

JTWC - Joint Typhoon Warning Center

LAI - Leaf Area Index

LEO - Low Earth Orbit

LIS - Lightning Imaging Sensor

MCS - Mesoscale Convective System

MDR - Main Development Region (North Atlantic tropical cyclones)

METEOSAT - EUMETSAT geostationary platform

MIMIC - Morphed Integrated Microwave Imagery at CIMSS

MISR - Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer

MJO - Madden-Julian Oscillation

MODIS - EOS MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MOPITT - Measurements Of Pollution in The Troposphere

MPI - Maximum Potential Intensity

MRG - Mixed Rossby-gravity (wave)

NAO - North Atlantic Oscillation

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCEP - National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NOAA)

NESDIS - National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service

NETWC - Near Equatorial Trade Wind Convergence

NHC - National Hurricane Center (NOAA/NWS/NCEP)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOGAPS - Navy's Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System

NRL - Naval Research Laboratory

NWP - Numerical Weather Prediction

NWS - National Weather Service

OLR - Outgoing Longwave Radiation

OLS - DMSP Operational Linescan System

OMI - Ozone Monitoring Instrument

PALSAR - Japanese Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar

PDO - Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PI - Potential Intensity

PPI - Plan Position Indicator

PR - TRMM Precipitation Radar

PV - Potential Vorticity

QBO - Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

RHI - Range Height Indicator

RSMC - Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre

SACZ - South Atlantic Convergence Zone

SAL - Saharan Air Layer

SALLJEX - South American Low-Level Jet Experiment

SAR - Synthetic Aperture Radar

SHIPS - Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme

SLP - Sea Level Pressure

SMONEX - Summer Monsoon Experiment

SOI - Southern Oscillation Index

SPCZ - South Pacific Convergence Zone

SSM/I - Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SSM/IS - Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Sounder

SST - Sea Surface Temperature

TAMEX - Taiwan Mesoscale Experiment

TC - Tropical Cyclone

TCSP - Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes

TCWC - Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre

TMI - TRMM Microwave Imager

TOGA COARE - Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment

TOMS - Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

TRMM - Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

TTT - Tropical-Temperate Trough

TUTT - Tropical Upper-Tropospheric Trough

TWPICE - Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment

UKMO - United Kingdom Meteorological Office

UTC - Universal Time Coordinated

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers

VAD - Velocity Azimuth Display

VHF - Very High Frequency

WISHE - Wind-Induced Surface Heat Exchange

WMO - World Meteorological Organization

WRF - Weather Research and Forecasting Model