GOES-R has arrived at Kennedy Space Center and is preparing for launch on November 4, 2016!Feature Story
The GOES-R series, NOAA's next-generation geostationary weather satellites, is a game changer. These satellites, beginning with the launch of GOES-R on November 4, 2016, will provide continuous imagery and atmospheric measurements of Earth’s Western Hemisphere, total lightning data, and space weather monitoring.View Video
The latest GOES-R Quarterly Newsletter is now available for download.Download All Newsletters
GOES-R will not only be a game-changer for the U.S., but also for the other countries in the Western Hemisphere. GOES-R is preparing international partners for the new capabilities the satellite will bring.Feature Story
This data visualization shows actual lightning measurements captured by an array of ground-based lighting detectors capable of tracing how lightning propagates through the atmosphere and simulates how the GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper will monitor atmospheric flashes (lightning image credit: Robert Arn ) .View Video
With the next generation of weather-observing satellites on the horizon, NOAA is poised to significantly improve weather forecasting and severe weather prediction.Feature Story
The GOES-R team has begun a series of important rehearsals to simulate specific phases of the GOES-R mission, from launch to post-launch events and receiving data from the satellite once it’s in orbit.Feature Story
From weather and hazards on Earth to search and rescue and bursts of energy from the sun, the GOES-R satellite will see it all from 22,000 miles above our planet!Multimedia
GOES-R data will be used in real time for critical weather forecasting and warning applications. Users will access GOES-R data in a number of ways.Read More
The GOES-R Proving Ground facilitates research-to-operations, engaging the forecast and warning community in preoperational demonstration and evaluation of simulated GOES-R products.Read More
The GOES-R series will make available 34 atmospheric, land, ocean, solar and space weather products for the forecasting and warning community. Read More
Ground support is critical to the GOES-R series mission. NOAA has developed a state-of-the-art ground system to receive data from the GOES-R spacecraft and generate real-time GOES-R products.Read More
NOAA's next generation of geostationary weather satellites
The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R Series (GOES-R) is the nation’s next generation of geostationary weather satellites. The GOES-R series will significantly improve the detection and observation of environmental phenomena that directly affect public safety, protection of property and our nation’s economic health and prosperity.
The satellites will provide advanced imaging with increased spatial resolution and faster coverage for more accurate forecasts, real-time mapping of lightning activity, and improved monitoring of solar activity.
The GOES-R series is a four-satellite program (GOES-R/S/T/U) that will extend the availability of the operational GOES satellite system through 2036.
Remote environmental sensing is only part of the GOES-R mission. The satellites will also provide unique capabilities to relay data directly to users to meet critical needs.
DCS is a satellite relay system used to collect information from Earth-based data collection platforms that transmit in-situ environmental sensor data from more than 20,000 platforms across the hemisphere.
GRB is the primary space relay of Level 1b products, replacing the GVAR (GOES VARiable) service. GRB will provide full resolution, calibrated, navigated, near real-time direct broadcast data.
Weather Information Network (HRIT/EMWIN) EMWIN is a direct service that provides users with weather forecasts, warnings, graphics and other information directly from the National Weather Service (NWS) in near real-time. HRIT service is a new high data rate (400 Kpbs) version of today’s LRIT (Low Rate Information Transmission), broadcasting GOES-R satellite imagery and selected products to remotely-located user terminals.
The SARSAT system detects and locates mariners, aviators and other recreational users in distress. GOES-R will continue the legacy function of the SARSAT system on board NOAA’s GOES satellites. This system uses a network of satellites to quickly detect and locate signals from emergency beacons onboard aircraft, vessels and from handheld personal locator beacons. The GOES-R SARSAT transponder will operate with a lower uplink power than the current system (32 bBm), enabling GOES-R to detect weaker beacon signals.
The GOES-R spacecraft bus will be three-axis stabilized and designed for 10 years of on-orbit operation preceded by up to five years of on-orbit storage. The spacecraft will carry three classifications of instruments: nadir-pointing, solar-pointing, and in-situ. Learn More.
Explore the GOES-R spacecraft: Use the quick view buttons above to swap the views of the spacecraft, watch the video below and use the Spacecraft & Instruments links below.
A fly by in space of GOES-R. Note: there is no audio, therefore no closed captions.
The most recent images of Earth's western hemisphere from the GOES constellation .
Environmental satellites provide data in several different formats. The most commonly used channels on weather satellites are the visible, infrared, and water vapor.
Visible satellite images, which look like black and white photographs, are derived from the satellite’s signals. Clouds usually appear white, while land and water surfaces appear in shades of gray or black. The visible channel reflects solar radiation. Clouds, the Earth's atmosphere, and the Earth's surface all absorb and reflect incoming solar radiation. Since visible imagery is produced by reflected sunlight (radiation), it is only available during daylight.
In the infrared (IR) channel, the satellite senses energy as heat. The Earth’s surface absorbs about half of the incoming solar energy. Clouds and the atmosphere absorb a much smaller amount. The Earth’s surface, clouds, and the atmosphere then re-emit part of this absorbed solar energy as heat. The infrared channel senses this re-emitted radiation. Infrared imagery is useful for determining cloud features both at day and night.Water vapor imagery is used to analyze the presence and movement of water vapor moisture in the upper and middle levels of the atmosphere. The wavelength spectrum used to detect water vapor is in the 6.7 to 7.3 micrometer wavelength range. The darker regions in water vapor imagery are areas where very little water vapor exists in the middle and upper troposphere, and the lighter regions are very moist. Water vapor imagery is a very valuable tool for weather analysis and prediction because water vapor imagery shows moisture in the atmosphere, not just cloud patterns. This allows meteorologists to observe large-scale circulation patterns even when clouds are not present.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) maintains two primary constellations of environmental satellites: geostationary and polar-orbiting. These satellites are part of NOAA's integrated observing system, which includes satellites, radar, surface automated weather stations, weather balloons, sounders, buoys, instrumented aircraft and other sensors, along with the data management infrastructure needed for this system.
Geostationary satellites orbit 35,800 km (22,300 miles) above Earth's equator at speeds equal to Earth's rotation, which means they maintain their positions and provide continuous coverage. Information from geostationary satellites is used for short-term (1 day) weather forecasting and severe storm warning and tracking.
Polar-orbiting satellites make regular orbits around the Earth’s poles from about 833 km (517 miles) above the Earth’s surface. The Earth constantly rotates counterclockwise underneath the path of the satellite, making for a different view with each orbit. Information from polar-orbiting satellites is used for mid-range (3-7 day) forecasts and advanced warnings of severe weather.
GOES satellites continually view the continental United States, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Central and South America, and Southern Canada. To fully cover Alaska, Hawaii, the entire continental United States and the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans (for tropical storms), NOAA operates two GOES satellites simultaneously: GOES-East and GOES-West. GOES East is located at 75° W and provides most of the U.S. weather information. GOES West is located at 135°W over the Pacific Ocean. In the GOES-R series era, GOES West will be located at 137°W. In addition to two operational satellites, NOAA also maintains an on-orbit spare.
Since 1975, GOES have provided continuous imagery and data on atmospheric conditions and solar activity (space weather). They have even aided in search and rescue of people in distress. GOES data products have led to more accurate and timely weather forecasts and better understanding of long-term climate conditions. NASA builds and launches the satellites and NOAA operates them.
GOES-R, scheduled for launch in November 2016, will be followed by GOES-S in 2018, GOES-T in 2019 and GOES-U in 2024.The GOES-R series will extend the availability of the operational GOES satellite system through 2036.
The GOES-R satellite will launch on November 4, 2016 at 21:40 GMT (5:40 EDT) from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, aboard an Atlas V 541 rocket.
GOES-R, which will be known as GOES-16 once it reaches geostationary orbit, will be placed in the 89.5 ° checkout orbit where it will undergo an extended checkout and validation phase of approximately one year. The satellite will transition to operations immediately afterward.
GOES-R’s operational orbit has not yet been determined. The final decision will be based on the health/safety/performance of the GOES constellation. NOAA’s Office of Satellite and Product Operations will be responsible for determining the operational orbit for GOES-R.
GOES satellites are placed into a geosynchronous orbit which is an orbit that keeps the satellite over a specific location on the earth. By maintaining a position hovering over fixed point on the Earth's surface, GOES will be able to constantly monitor atmospheric conditions in a particular portion of the Earth's atmosphere. Note that non-geosynchronous orbits (for example polar orbits) move over an ever rotating earth underneath them, therefore seeing a constantly changing view which has advantages for other types of missions.
GOES-R will join the GOES constellation of satellites monitoring the Western Hemisphere's weather as well as space weather. See the Earth from GOES! ... LIVE images of Earth right NOW!
User training efforts focus on the quantitative and qualitative use of GOES-R data and products, methods for interpreting GOES-R data, new features, capabilities and algorithms, and a better understanding of atmospheric sciences and mesoscale meteorology in preparation for the future GOES-R series satellites.
GOES-R training is developed and provided by a number of partners across the weather enterprise through the GOES-R Proving Ground and NOAA testbed demonstrations, e-learning training modules, fact sheets, seminars, scientific and user conferences, weather event simulations, special case studies, satellite liaisons, the visiting scientist program and sample data products.
|•||August 23, 2016: GOES-R reached a major milestone on August 22, 2016 when it arrived at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, from Buckley Air Force Base in Aurora, Colorado, aboard a U.S. Air Force C-5M Super Galaxy cargo transport. Shipping a satellite is no small feat. GOES-R is over 18 feet wide and weighs over 6,000 pounds! After its arrival, the GOES-R spacecraft was removed from its shipping container and is now undergoing additional testing and preparation for encapsulation on top of the rocket that will take it to its geostationary orbit more than 22,000 miles above Earth. GOES-R is scheduled to launch Nov. 4 at 5:40 p.m. EDT aboard an Atlas V 541 rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. Feature Story | Photos|
|•||July 29, 2016:The GOES-R Proving Ground Science Seminar on July 29, 2016 featured Chad Gravelle and Kim Runk of the National Weather Service (NWS) Operations Proving Ground (OPG). Gravelle provided an overview of the March-April 2016 evaluation to assess the operational impact of multiple spectral bands for the GOES-R Series era. He also presented a detailed analysis of the forecaster feedback with recommendations on incorporating multiple spectral bands and Red-Green-blue (RGB) composites. Gravelle and Runk also answered questions about the evaluation and addressed comments regarding the path forward. Abstract | Presentation|
|•||July 25, 2016: The GOES-R Quarterly Newsletter for the time period April-June 2016 is now available. We are less than four months from the launch of GOES-R! The GOES-R satellite has completed all integration and testing activities and is scheduled to ship to Kennedy Space Center in August. The GOES-R team is also busy preparing for a series of reviews leading up to launch and planning launch week events. GOES-S is now complete with all instruments installed on the spacecraft and preparing for environmental testing in the fall. A new era of geostationary environmental satellites is almost upon us!|
|•||July 21, 2016:NOAA scientists joined the Reddit community to discuss GOES-R: Changing the Future of Hurricane Forecasting. Dr. Steve Goodman, GOES-R's senior scientist, and Andrea Schumacher, CIRA research associate and GOES-R satellite liaison to the National Hurricane Center, answered a wide range of questions about NOAA's state-of-the-art satellite, hurricanes, and the future of hurricane forecasting. Read the full conversations here!|
|•||July 1, 2016: The 2016 GOES-R/JPSS OCONUS (Outside the Contiguous United States) Satellite Proving Ground technical meeting was held June 27‒30 at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu. The meeting assessed the GOES-R and JPSS science portfolios and NOAA’s operational objectives for the satellites, identifying priorities as they pertain to Alaska, Hawaii, and U.S. territories in the Pacific Ocean. Presentations|
|•||June 17, 2016:The GOES-R Series Program is providing a special opportunity for broadcast meteorologists to attend a workshop at Kennedy Space Center in Florida November 1-4, 2016 and cover the launch of the GOES-R satellite LIVE. The GOES-R Workshop for Broadcast Meteorologists will provide a unique opportunity to bring together broadcast meteorologists from around the nation to engage with professionals from NOAA and NASA on the launch of the revolutionary GOES-R satellite. A limited number of broadcast meteorologists will have their expenses covered. The deadline to register is July 15, 2016. Learn more and register to attend at http://stormcenter.com/goesr/.|
|•||June 17, 2016:The GOES-R Preview for Broadcasters short course was held June 14, 2016, preceding the 44th American Meteorological Society Conference on Broadcast Meteorology in Austin, Texas. The course provided broadcast meteorologists with information on GOES-R and its capabilities, how they can improve services to the viewing public, where to find additional information on GOES-R, and what equipment upgrades are needed to handle the new data and products. The course included a mix of presentations and hands-on exercises on the Advanced Baseline Imager, Geostationary Lightning Mapper, GOES-R derived products, broadcaster participation in the GOES-R Proving Ground, and vendor services to broadcasters in the GOES-R era. Twenty broadcast meteorologists from around the United States participated. Course Materials|
|•||June 15, 2016:GOES-R and International Partnerships. To prepare other countries for the new data forecasting capabilities the satellite will bring, members of the GOES-R team have visited meteorological and academic institutions in the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa to keep forecasters and researchers informed and to ensure they will be able to access GOES-R data. Working with other nations adheres to NOAA’s principle of open data sharing, allowing other countries to benefit from sophisticated GOES-R satellite data that will help save lives and protect communities through more accurate forecasts. Feature story.|
|•||May 25, 2016:GOES-R is the future of NOAA’s geostationary weather satellites. With the next generation of weather-observing satellites on the horizon, NOAA is poised to significantly improve weather forecasting and severe weather prediction. GOES-R will provide superior imaging of the western hemisphere with better resolution and increased speed for more accurate forecasts, real-time mapping of lightning activity and improved monitoring of solar activity. Learn more about the capabilities GOES-R will bring to severe storm, tornado, hurricane, fog and space weather forecasting in this Feature story.|
|•||May 18, 2016:The 2016 NOAA Satellite Proving Ground/User Readiness Meeting was held May 9-13, 2016 at the National Weather Center in Norman, Oklahoma. The meeting focused on accomplishments to date, current efforts underway, and future actions with respect to infrastructure and training, to ensure the National Weather Service is ready for the receipt and operational use of GOES-R and JPSS-1 data. Program updates, satellite operations, data dissemination and applications, training and Proving Ground demonstrations were highlighted. Presentations|
|•||May 12, 2016:The GOES-R team has begun a series of important rehearsals to simulate specific phases of the GOES-R mission, from launch to post-launch events and receiving data from the satellite once it’s in orbit. Mission rehearsals use a satellite simulator and the new GOES-R ground system to train operations personnel and test the readiness of operational products and the ground system. Feature Story|
|•||April 29, 2016:A new ABI Band Quick Information Guide is now available. ABI Band 16 (“CO2” longwave infrared) is used for mean tropospheric air temperature estimation, tropopause delineation, and as part of quantitative cloud products for cloud opacity estimation, cloud-top height assignments of cloud-drift motion vectors, and supplementing Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) observations. This band is also useful when generating Red-Green-Blue (RGB) composite imagery, to highlight the high, cold, and likely icy clouds.|
|•||April 18, 2016:The GOES-R Quarterly Newsletter for the time period January–March 2016 is now available. There’s a real sense of excitement building across the GOES-R Series Program as we march closer to launch. GOES-R is currently scheduled to lift off on Thursday, October 13, 2016 at 5:43 p.m. EDT from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The team is already working on launch preparations and the satellite is undergoing final testing to prepare it for shipment in August. Editor’s note, June 7, 2016: GOES-R will now launch on November 4, 2016 at 5:40 p.m. EDT.|
|•||April 13, 2016:The GOES-R satellite is set to launch six months from today, on October 13, 2016. GOES-R, or GOES-16 as it will be known once it reaches geostationary orbit, will launch on board an Atlas V 541 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. Feature Story Editor’s note, June 7, 2016: GOES-R will now launch on November 4, 2016 at 5:40 p.m. EDT|
|•||April 7, 2016:The GOES-R Proving Ground Fiscal Year 2015 Annual Report is now available. The annual report describes the major proving ground activities where the operational value of the GOES-R products and capabilities is evaluated through the use of proxy data and user feedback is collected to identify algorithm/product/service improvements. Report|
|•||April 6, 2016:A new ABI Band Quick Information Guide is now available. ABI Band 15 (“dirty” longwave infrared) offers nearly continuous monitoring for numerous applications, though usually through a split window difference with a cleaner window channel. These differences can better estimate low-level moisture, volcanic ash, airborne dust/sand, sea surface temperature, and cloud particle size.|
|•||March 28, 2016:The GOES-R Proving Ground Science Seminar on March 25, 2016 featured Francis Padula, GOES-R Field Campaign Program Manager. Padula outlined GOES-R field campaign validation plans, planned activities in support of post-launch L1b & L2+ product validation of the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) and the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM). An integrated approach is planned that includes both high-altitude manned and near-surface unmanned systems coordinated with ground-based observations over several Earth targets. The campaign is scheduled to be conducted in April–June 2017. The seminar provided an overview of the GOES-R field campaign plans and the methods developed to address several validation challenges of geostationary field campaign efforts. The introduction of advanced post-launch validation capabilities will support the needs of next-generation system performance characterization and will push the current state-of-the-art of operational environmental satellite validation. Abstract | Presentation|
|March 12, 2016:The GOES-R Education Proving Ground held the second webinar in their series for educators of students in grades 6-12 on March 12, 2016. These webinars are intended to ensure that the education community is ready for the new satellite imagery and improved products that will be available in the GOES-R era. The March 12 seminar highlighted lesson plans for teachers by teachers. Video presentation|
|•||February 26, 2016:The GOES-R Proving Ground Science Seminar on February 26, 2016 featured Dr. Tyler A. Erickson, Senior Development Advocate at Google. Erickson presented an overview of Earth Engine, Google’s cloud platform for petabyte-scale analysis of satellite imagery and other geospatial data. Originally conceived in 2009 as a platform for global forest monitoring, today scientists, governments, and NGOs around the world are using Earth Engine in areas ranging from food and water security to disaster risk management, public health, biodiversity, and climate change adaptation. His talk described the trends and technologies that informed Google’s development of the Earth Engine platform over the past six years, as well as its experiences helping partners apply the platform to global challenges. Abstract | Presentation|
|•||February 22, 2016:A new ABI Band Quick Information Guide is now available. ABI Band 13 (“clean” longwave infrared) is less sensitive than other infrared window channels to water vapor and, hence, improves atmospheric moisture corrections, cloud particle size estimation, and surface property characterization in derived products. Typically, this band is slightly warmer than the traditional longwave window due to less moisture absorption in the lower troposphere.|
|•||February 20, 2016:The GOES-R Education Proving Ground introduced a new webinar series for educators of students in grades 6-12. This four-part webinar series is intended to ensure that the education community is ready for the new satellite imagery and improved products that will be available in the GOES-R era. The first webinar, held on February 20, focused on general information about weather satellites and an overview of the GOES-R Series Program. Video presentation|
|•||February 11, 2016: A new ABI Band Quick Information Guide is now available. ABI Band 14 (longwave infrared) enables operational meteorologists to diagnose discrete clouds and organized features for general weather forecasting, analysis, and broadcasting applications. Observations from this infrared window channel can characterize atmospheric processes associated with extratropical cyclones and also in single thunderstorms and convective complexes.|
|•||February 4, 2016: The 96th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) was held January 11-14, 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana. The AMS Meeting hosted the 12th Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems which highlighted many of the development activities, program science, and user-readiness preparations underway in the GOES-R Series Program. Check out this Feature story for highlights of the conference. See additional photos in this Flickr gallery.|
|•||February 3, 2016: The GOES-R Quarterly Newsletter for the time period October–December 2015 is now available. In the final quarter of 2015, the program completed the flight operations review for GOES-R, confirming that the system is ready for operations and data processing after the satellite is launched. The satellite continued on its path toward launch by entering into mechanical testing. We also have successfully simulated GOES-R data flow to the National Weather Service, preparing users for day-one readiness. The GOES-S satellite is also coming together, with all instruments delivered and integration underway. 2016 will surely be an exciting year as we prepare to launch the GOES-R satellite in October!|
|•||January 8, 2016: As NOAA's GOES-R satellite goes through mechanical testing in preparation for launch in October 2016, the remaining satellites in the series (GOES-S, T, and U) are also making significant progress. All GOES-S instruments have been delivered for integration and the satellite system module and propulsion module have been mated to form the core spacecraft. Development of the GOES-T and GOES-U satellites is also underway. Feature Story|
|•||January 7, 2016: The GOES-R Series Program would like to extend an offer to broadcast meteorologist to participate in GOES-R Proving Ground demonstrations at NOAA’s Hazardous Weather Testbed 2016 Spring Experiment. The experiment will take place at the National Weather Center in Norman Oklahoma, April 18–May 13, 2016. The selected broadcast meteorologists will have the opportunity to work side-by-side with researchers, developers, trainers, and users in an experimental, real-time forecast environment to test state-of-the-art satellite-based algorithms. The GOES-R Program will cover travel expenses to allow participation in the experiment for five days. Applications must be submitted no later than February 21, 2016. Application Information | Application Form|
August 15‒19, 2016
September 10‒15, 2016
Norfolk, VirginiaConference Info
Darmstadt, GermanyConference Info
San Francisco, CaliforniaMeeting Info