GOES-R Spacecraft Overview

The GOES-R Series spacecraft bus is three-axis stabilized and designed for 10 years of on-orbit operation preceded by up to five years of on-orbit storage. The satellites are able to operate through periodic station-keeping and momentum adjust maneuvers, which allows for near-continuous instrument observations. Other notable performance elements include vibration isolation for the Earth-pointed optical bench and high-speed spacecraft-to-instrument interfaces designed to maximize science data collection. The cumulative time that GOES-R Series science data collection (including imaging) will be interrupted due to all momentum management, station-keeping, and yaw flip maneuvers is under 120 minutes/year. This is a nearly two orders of magnitude improvement compared to the previous GOES satellites. The spacecraft carries three classifications of instruments: nadir-pointing, solar-pointing, and in-situ.

The satellite driving requirements are:

  • Spacecraft on-orbit life of 15 years with orbit East-West and North-South position maintained to within +/-0.1 degree
  • Collect and transmit up to 100Mbps instrument payload data from each location continuously
  • Continuous rebroadcast function at L-Band up to 31 Mbps utilizing dual polarization
  • Provide continuing services [Search and Rescue, Data System Collection, Emergency Manager’s Weather Information Network (EMWIN)]

Spacecraft Specifications:

  • 6.1 m x 5.6 m x 3.9 m (20.0 ft x 18.4 ft x 12.8 ft)
  • 2,857 kg (6,299 lbs) dry mass
  • 5,192 kg (11,446 lbs) at launch (fueled)

Prime Contractor:

  Lockheed Martin Space Systems Corporation